In fact, preparing meals for diabetics is not difficult, let’s not talk about any special diet. A balanced diet that is suitable not only for the sick but also for the healthy person plays an important role in type 1 and 2 diabetes.
The first fact is that the diabetic diet includes the restriction of all direct sugars: diabetic dishes (first, second courses and even desserts) do not contain sugar or honey, do not include sweet foods - cakes, ice cream, desserts (apple pie, fruit puddings). , pancakes, etc. ), biscuits, sweets, cakes, chocolate, sweet drinks and juices, etc. , fatty and fried foods, fatty meats and sausages, beer, alcohol, white or black bread (usually containing caramels) and any products made from white flour.
In addition, dried fruit, grape wine, plums and pears should be completely abandoned. In the case of alcoholic beverages, exclude beer, drink only dry wine, up to 200 ml per day, consume strong alcoholic beverages only as a last resort and extremely pure. Remember to include alcohol in your daily caloric intake.
Eat only whole grain bread. The meat can be cooked, but only lean!
Be careful with the garnish, if you want to cook dumplings or dumplings, be sure to follow the portion size. Rice, pasta, potatoes are more suitable.
In diabetes, vegetables (which should also be eaten raw) should be included in the recipes because they are high in vitamins, minerals, protein, and almost free (or minimal) sugar. Of the vegetables need to limit carrots, peas and corn. The fruit can be eaten at most once a day, preferably as a morning snack.
It is advisable to divide the food into 4-6 small meals a day and prepare a light snack in the evening. Diabetic recipes and food intake should be chosen based on whether your weight is within the normal range or the need to reduce it, as well as how much you exercise per day.
Exercise for at least 30 minutes a day is appropriate and recommended for all diabetics; speed walking, running, swimming, cycling, etc. work well.
You need to walk at least 10, 000 steps every day.
It is perfectly understandable that sometimes the diet will seem unbearable, there will be an irresistible urge to eat something "forbidden. " Once a month you can relax and pamper yourself with dark chocolate (chocolate is suitable for making or one that contains 60-70% cocoa).
If you decide to change your eating habits, it is recommended that you first consult a doctor or specialist, e. g. , a diabetologist, for further dose adjustment of antidiabetic drugs and insulin. It is advisable to perform a self-test using a glucometer.
Diet and regimen are essential (neither treatment nor insulin, etc. ) and are the foundation for successful treatment of all diabetics! These facts are confirmed by numerous specialized research in our country and the world.
Diet for diabetes
- Fatty dairy products.
- Yolks and their products.
- Fatty meat - goose, duck.
- Concentrated alcohol.
- Free sugar.
- Salty snacks - chips, nuts, snacks, etc.
- Fats - butter, margarine, milk and dairy products - are low in fat.
- Meat - young animals (veal, pork, lamb, chicken, rabbit, turkey).
- Fish - freshwater and marine.
- Ham - in small quantities.
- Vegetables - all kinds, including legumes.
- Fruit - in small quantities.
- Bread is whole grain.
Possible technological methods: cooking, stewing, grilling, rarely - baking.
Below are some diabetes recipes, from soups and main courses to desserts suitable for diabetes.
The amount of ingredients in these diabetes recipes is for 4 servings.
Dietary soups for diabetics
60 g soybeans, 20 g flour, 20 g butter, 20 g onions, garlic, parsley, salt.
Soybeans need to be cooked until cooked or canned. Wipe the finely chopped onion in butter, add the flour and add hot water. Bring to a boil, add boiled soy, chopped garlic with salt and chopped parsley. Cooked soup is best consumed hot.
The main diet food for diabetics
600 g of flounder, 20 g of butter, salt, pepper, 10 g of wheat flour, 1 lemon.
In wheat flour mixed with salt and ground pepper, roll in portions of fish, sprinkle with oil and fry. Season the finished dish with lemon juice and garnish with lemon slices.
320 g of meat (beef, veal, pork, rabbit, but preferably assorted), 200 g of tomatoes, 40 g of oil, 1 onion, 20 g of potatoes, salt, parsley, marjoram, cumin.
Quickly fry the peeled meat cubes in oil and pour in hot water. Add salt, chopped tomatoes, peeled whole onions and simmer. When the meat is almost tender, add the peeled, finely grated green potatoes, minced cumin and marjoram. Remove the onion from the finished stew (if cooked, then leave) and add the finely chopped parsley.
Dietary vegetable dishes for diabetics
4 large hard tomatoes, 120 g poultry, 20 g rice, 20 g butter, 1 egg, salt.
Cut off the tops from the washed tomatoes and remove the middle. Boil the washed rice in salted water, mix with the minced meat, salt, add the beaten egg and mix well.
Pour the prepared tomatoes halfway through the resulting mixture, cover with cut tops and place in a lightly greased bowl. Add hot water and simmer, covered.
Bring the removed core to a boil, grind and add to the finished dish.
160 g of rice, 20 g of carrots, 20 g of cauliflower, 15 g of celery, 15 g of parsley, 10 g of corn, oil, parsley, salt, 120 g of hard cheese.
Cut all peeled vegetables into cubes or grate them. Cut the leg from the cauliflower and divide the head into small inflorescences. Wash the corn. Wash the rice, add oil, water, salt and bring to a boil. After a while, add the prepared vegetables and simmer until soft. Serve the finished risotto sprinkled with chopped parsley and grated hard cheese.
Dietary cold meals for diabetics
Curd with vegetables
200 g of cottage cheese, 40 g of milk, 1 tomato, 20 g of leeks, 40 g of cucumber, salt, ground cumin.
Peel the tomatoes, remove the seeds from the pulp, peel and cut into thin strips, grate the cucumber.
Beat the salted curd with a whisk with milk.
Add all the prepared vegetables to the resulting curd mass, ground cumin to taste.
200 g of curd, 2 cloves garlic, sesame seeds, salt, green onions, dill, parsley.
Crush the garlic with salt and mix with the curd. If necessary, dilute with water to form a thick mass. Finely chop the green onion and stir in the sesame seeds. From the cooked garlic-curd mass, form a roll, roll in a mixture of green onions and sesame seeds to completely cover its surface. Leave the finished rolls to cool to solidify.
Dietary salad for diabetics
Apple and chicken salad
80 g of carrots, 60 g of bean sprouts, 200 g of sour apples, 100 g of boiled chicken breast, salt, 10 g of butter, lemon juice.
Grate the peeled carrots, wash the apples, remove the core, cut them into slices and then into thin strips, just like the finished chicken meat.
Mix all the prepared ingredients, add the bean sprouts, salt, sprinkle with oil and lemon juice. Stir well again and allow to cool.
Five Myths About Diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic, lifelong disease with complications. People who have had this need to learn to live with it and adapt their rhythm and way of life to it. Despite the fact that the topic is widely debated in society, there are still many myths about the disease. Let's look at the basics. So…
Myth: Diabetes is a disease of obese people.
People rarely recognize the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes can develop in childhood. The disease is genetically determined and insulin therapy is required. In contrast, type 2 diabetes is often associated with being overweight, as mentioned above. The disease has a slow onset.
Myth: Diabetes is an "old-age" disease.
Because there are many obese children and adolescents today, type 2 diabetes is increasingly afflicting younger age groups.
Myth: Diabetics should never eat sweets and should follow a strict diet.
Of course, diet is important, but it is not completely eliminated from carbohydrates. Diabetics cannot eat plain sugar (glucose), beet sugar (sucrose) and honey. However, they can use artificial sweeteners. A person with diabetes should eat complex carbohydrates (starch).
In diabetes, sweets can be replaced only by sweets - sweets, fruits. For example, you can eat two or three peaches, two oranges, or three apples. Or you can eat something made with sweeteners.
Nutritionists recommend preparing sweets at home, thus ensuring that the dishes do not contain harmful preservatives and additives. From the available and permitted products, you can make any delicacy, pamper yourself and your loved ones with a delicious dessert.
Myth: Diabetics can eat well, they just need to eliminate sugar.
As mentioned, diabetes management involves the regulation of carbohydrate intake. The diet of complex carbohydrates should contain the same amount each day as determined by your doctor. The prescribed amount should be distributed throughout the day, as people with diabetes must eat regularly. The principles of diabetes diet are in line with the principles of a balanced diet, so it is necessary to regulate not only the amount of sugar, but also the entire composition of the diet. The essence of the disease lies not only in metabolic disorders at the level of carbohydrates, but also in the level of protein and fat.
Myth: Diabetics can eat as much fruit as they like.
Fruits contain a certain amount of carbohydrates. Obviously, it is their content that diabetics should include in their daily diet. So you can’t eat fruit in any amount. It is desirable to choose those varieties that have a minimum amount of carbohydrates and a lot of fiber, which is important for digestion.